The Federal Court of Appeal recently dismissed an appeal of the Federal Court's trial decision in a case concerning trademark infringement, passing off and dilution and depreciation of goodwill. Pampered Chef, a world leader in premium kitchenware products, had previously successfully defended a claim brought by Canada's largest retailer, Loblaws, in relation to its use of a trademark that included the letters 'P' and 'C'.
There were several notable trademark cases and developments in Canada in 2020, including cases addressing comparative advertising, depreciation of goodwill, brand parody, trademark use in the absence of a brick-and-mortar location and potential claims by exclusive distributors against importers of grey market goods. This article revisits these cases and developments and considers their implications for 2021.
In a highly anticipated decision, the Federal Court of Appeal recently held that a trademark owner could demonstrate use of a trademark in Canada in association with hotel services in the absence of a brick-and-mortar hotel. While the decision is not the first to analyse the Internet's impact on use of a trademark, this case provides important guidance to brand and trademark owners which offer services to consumers in Canada without a physical brick-and-mortar location.