The Bill on Solid Waste and Residues has been drafted to address disparities between the primary and secondary legislation on this issue. The bill provides for fees, subsidies and financial resources, as well penalties for actions or omissions as appropriate. Administrative liability will not exclude liability under civil or criminal law.
A recent Environment Ministry resolution establishes the requirements that individuals or corporations (whether public or private) must meet in order to register with the Registry for Activities Liable to Degrade the Environment and obtain an authorization from the ministry to handle hazardous substances, materials and waste.
The main purpose of the Environmental Conservation Bill is to boost the role played by the state in protecting the environment. Under the bill, the state must take into account environmental considerations when drawing up plans, programmes, projects and processes concerning domestic economic development.
Decree 2,014 creates a permanent national committee on environmental technical standards. Its purpose is to coordinate and maintain a process for the examination, preparation, review and updating of such standards, in order to ensure sustainable development and an improved quality of life for the population of Venezuela.
The Metropolitan Ordinance on a System for Handling Non-hazardous Waste Services aims to conserve natural resources and minimize adverse environmental impact. The provisions cover the performance of all activities involved in non-hazardous waste management, such as inspection, handling, supervision, control and examination.
The National Assembly has issued a statement (Official Gazette 37,457 of June 4 2002) declaring the importance of environmental matters and the necessity of timely, efficient and effective answers to environmental problems, particularly through the participation of parliamentary bodies.
The National Assembly recently passed the Organic Law for the Provision of Drinking Water and Sanitation Services. Its provisions apply to suppliers of drinking water and sanitation services, whether public, private or mixed, as well as to all users of these services throughout the country.
New legislation includes the General Law on Seaports, which establishes the Aquatic Authority as the entity in charge of monitoring compliance with the environmental laws applicable to seaports.
Including: Constitutional Provisions; Environmental Law; Land Use Law; Environmental Penal Law; Major Decrees; Liability; Jurisdiction.
The new Law on Hazardous Substances, Materials and Waste dictates that the international trade of hazardous substances and materials will be regulated in accordance with domestic legislation and relevant international treaties and agreements.
The Ministry of the Environment has issued a resolution prohibiting the importation and use of a particular fungus. The purpose of the resolution is to protect biological diversity.
The Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Production and Trade have issued a new resolution concerning fishing.
Including: Constitutional Provisions; Environmental Organic Law; Land Use Organic Law; Environmental Penal Law; Major Decrees; Liability; Jurisdiction.
The Law on Biological Diversity has been enacted to establish the principles governing the conservation of biological diversity. The Organic Environmental Code is still waiting for enactment, but seeks to consolidate all existing environment laws in Venezuela.