The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently announced settlements with 79 investment advisers who self-reported violations of the Investment Advisers Act in connection with the SEC Division of Enforcement Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative. The advisers collectively agreed to return more than $125 million in fees and prejudgment interest to clients.
To fulfil their oversight responsibilities, audit committees typically evaluate external auditors at least annually to determine, in part, whether they should be engaged for the subsequent fiscal year. The Centre for Audit Quality (CAQ) recently published an updated External Auditor Assessment Tool. Like many other helpful CAQ tools, this one provides a number of sample questions to help audit committees satisfy their oversight obligations with regard to external auditors.
While the biosimilar market in the United States has gotten off to a relatively slow start compared with Europe – where biosimilars have been available since 2006 – it has recently gained momentum and will continue to grow in the coming years as more blockbuster biologics lose regulatory exclusivity and patent protection.
While various news accounts have now indicated that President Trump will not close the US-Mexico border, the administration will take further actions. As such, there will likely be a slowdown in border processing and longer wait times at all land ports of entry on the Mexican border for an extended period. Among other things, importers are advised to factor in that wait times will markedly increase or even double.
The Department of Justice recently filed a complaint in intervention against Sutter Health and its affiliate Palo Alto Medical Foundation (PAMF) in a False Claims Act suit, alleging that the defendants had knowingly submitted and caused the submission of unsupported diagnosis codes for Medicare Advantage patients in order to increase reimbursements from Medicare. Among other things, Sutter and PAMF allegedly failed to provide any meaningful training to affiliated physicians.
The International Swaps and Derivatives Association recently published proposed amendments to its 2014 Credit Derivatives Definitions relating to narrowly tailored credit events. The proposal comes in the wake of concerns raised by market participants over certain failure to pay credit events, or claimed failure to pay credit events – in particular, the 2017 agreement by Hovnanian Enterprises to default on an interest payment to an affiliate in order to obtain favourable refinancing terms from GSO Partners.
The Securities and Exchange Commission recently proposed a rule and related amendments under the Securities Act that would permit issuers to engage in oral or written communications with potential investors that are, or are reasonably believed to be, qualified institutional buyers or institutional accredited investors, either prior to or following the filing of a registration statement, to determine whether such investors have an interest in a contemplated securities offering registered under the Securities Act.
As part of its response to the changes regarding forced labour enforcement brought about by the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act 2015, US Customs and Border Protection is proposing to compel members of the Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism to maintain a social compliance programme to help to combat forced labour in supply chains.
Over the past decade, matriarchs and patriarchs of successful families have increasingly been concluding that their children are sufficiently provided for and have thus shifted the focus of their family's largess to a broader group of individuals by creating so-called 'family banks'. Such banks provide capital to that broader group of individuals for business ventures, public-spirited projects and knowledge in a way that fosters personal commitment, accountability and multi-generational mentoring.
Second requests can be expensive, time consuming and distracting to clients' employees. One way to ease the burden of a second request is to avoid it altogether. While second requests are inevitable for some transactions, certain strategies can help to lessen the likelihood of one being issued.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) is pursuing a compounding pharmacy and its private equity fund owner, alleging that the pharmacy filed claims with Tricare that were rendered false by alleged kickbacks. However, a magistrate judge has filed an opinion recommending that the False Claims Act claims be dismissed due to the DOJ's failure to adequately plead its claims on either an implied or express certification theory of liability.
The Delaware Court of Chancery has issued its original opinion in a consolidated appraisal action arising out of Verizon Communications Inc's 2015 acquisition of AOL Inc. In contrast to a recent string of Delaware appraisal decisions, the court determined that reliance on the $50 per share merger price for determining AOL's statutory fair value was not warranted.
In a recent interpretative letter, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) provided guidance to a registered broker-dealer as to the use of pre-inception index performance data relating to a proprietary index. The letter restates and updates FINRA's prior guidance as to the use of back-tested index information, including its historic position that the use of this type of information is inappropriate in communications provided to retail investors.
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board recently issued a staff inspection brief discussing its new strategic plan, which includes conducting an ongoing dialogue with audit committee chairs whose companies' audits are subject to inspection. The board reports that its 2019 inspections will focus on, among other things, firms' technological developments, procedures on new accounting standards and systems of quality control.
Delaware Governor John Carney recently signed into law amendments to the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act and the Delaware General Corporation Law. Notably, the amendments expand the application of the market-out exception to appraisal rights, which has long been applicable to 'long-form mergers', to also include 'medium-form mergers'.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) recently denied three petitions to initiate rulemakings on various consumer protection issues proposed by FlyersRights, a consumer advocacy group. The DOT's decision to refuse to propose new regulations is consistent with the Trump administration's efforts to reduce regulatory burdens on industry. Nonetheless, the DOT appeared to be sympathetic to consumer protection concerns raised by FlyersRights.
The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) recently issued its 2019 Risk Monitoring and Examination Priorities Letter. The letter addresses a variety of issues that all broker-dealers must address, whether they offer structured products or not. The letter clarifies that sales of complex products, including structured products, must be reviewed to see whether they comply with FINRA's suitability rules.
The Trump administration recently announced the termination of India and Turkey as recipients of the Generalised System of Preferences on the grounds that neither country has been adhering to the programme's statutory eligibility criteria. According to the press release, Turkey is 'graduating' from this programme, while India is being removed, as it has failed to assure the United States that it will provide "equitable and reasonable access to its markets in numerous sectors".
It is important for trustees of foreign trusts not to miss US tax filing deadlines or, if unable to file by the due date, to submit a request for an extension to file. Careful attention should be paid to where and how to submit the request, as procedures are not necessarily the same for all returns. This article sets out the various requirements that must be met by trustees of foreign trusts.
Two Delaware appraisal decisions issued in 2018 illustrate that, following the Delaware Supreme Court's decisions in Dell and DFC, the Delaware courts remain willing to give substantial evidentiary weight to a deal price as an indicator of fair value where the underlying transaction is the product of an open process characterised by the objective indicia of reliability.