Latest updates

New York Convention does not prohibit enforcement by non-signatory under doctrine of equitable estoppel
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Arbitration & ADR
  • USA
  • 11 June 2020

The US Supreme Court has unanimously held that the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards does not prohibit US courts from applying the domestic law doctrine of equitable estoppel when determining whether an international arbitration clause can be enforced by a non-signatory to compel arbitration. In doing so, the court effectively extended the holding in Arthur Andersen LLP to international arbitrations under Chapter 2 of the Federal Arbitration Act.

COVID-19: AAA-ICDR's approach to arbitration
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Arbitration & ADR
  • USA
  • 07 May 2020

Existing dispute resolution proceedings are inevitably experiencing the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak. Where possible, hearings have been delayed or relocated. However, with many lockdowns extended for the foreseeable future, some hearings will still need to be held. Notably, the American Arbitration Association acknowledges that these are appropriate times to permit (and indeed require) the use of viable alternatives to in-person hearings.

Antitrust agencies' COVID-19 response – interview
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 23 April 2020

In the wake of COVID-19, public officials across the United States have expressed a willingness to prosecute price gougers and companies that facilitate sales of goods with inflated prices. In this video, Vic Domen, government antitrust investigations and prosecutions lawyer and partner at Norton Rose Fulbright, discusses various consumer protection issues that are arising in the United States as a result of COVID-19.

Antitrust agencies' COVID-19 response: federal and state authorities warn against price gouging
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 16 April 2020

In the wake of COVID-19, some sellers of essential goods and services have tried to greatly increase the cost of their products to take advantage of increased demand. However, sellers should be aware that public officials across the United States have expressed a willingness to prosecute price gougers and companies that facilitate sales of goods with inflated prices. State attorneys general are at the forefront of investigating and prosecuting instances of price gouging.

Antitrust agencies respond to COVID-19 challenges in merger reviews
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 09 April 2020

As the United States reacts and adjusts to the developing COVID-19 situation, the two federal antitrust agencies – the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice Antitrust Division – have revised certain rules and procedures relating to their civil merger investigation processes to address these new challenges. Although both agencies have shifted most of their personnel to remote working arrangements, agency staff have demonstrated a willingness to be reasonable and accommodating.

Collaboration and catastrophe: antitrust laws in face of COVID-19
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 02 April 2020

While antitrust and consumer protection laws provide flexibility for firms to respond to changing market conditions, such as those created by the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to remember that certain conduct will remain prohibited by antitrust and consumer protection laws no matter the circumstances.

Understanding FTC's monetary equitable remedies under Section 13(b) for antitrust violations
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 13 February 2020

Until recently, the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC's) ability to seek monetary equitable remedies (particularly disgorgement and restitution) for alleged antitrust violations went virtually unchallenged. However, the most recent appellate case that interprets the FTC's monetary equitable remedies under Section 13(b) of the FTC Act leaves open many questions about the FTC's ability to seek monetary equitable remedies in antitrust cases pursuant to Section 13(b).

FTC and DOJ release 2020 Draft Vertical Merger Guidelines for public comment
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 30 January 2020

The Department of Justice Antitrust Division and the Federal Trade Commission have announced the release of the 2020 Draft Vertical Merger Guidelines (VMG) for a 30-day comment period. As with any guidelines issued by the agencies, the finalised VMG will be instructive for the agencies' review of vertical mergers and will be persuasive but not binding on the courts should a contested merger enter litigation.

California's legislature passes bill enhancing antitrust scrutiny of patent settlements
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 31 October 2019

California's governor recently signed a bill designed to enhance antitrust scrutiny of patent settlements between branded and generic pharmaceutical companies. The bill follows the California attorney general's nearly $70 million settlement in Summer 2019 with several pharmaceutical companies based on patent settlements that the attorney general claimed violated the Cartwright Act and is yet another example of diverging interpretations between federal and state antitrust laws.

Hart-Scott-Rodino annual report confirms likelihood of challenge for transactions subject to second requests
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 10 October 2019

The Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice's Antitrust Division recently released the Hart-Scott-Rodino Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2018, covering 1 October 2017 to 30 September 2018. This report is the first opportunity to review data regarding the merger challenges issued exclusively during Trump's administration. The data underscores the importance and benefit of advance planning and strategy to avoid a second request investigation whenever possible.

Enhancing the 'carrot': DOJ announces changes to its compliance programme policy
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 01 August 2019

In a historic shift, the Department of Justice's Antitrust Division will now consider providing credit to companies in the charging and sentencing stages of an antitrust criminal investigation if they have a robust and effective antitrust compliance programme. While a positive step, significant questions remain regarding the extent to which the opportunity for compliance credit will incentivise companies to self-report criminal antitrust violations and how the guidance interacts with the division's leniency programme.

Disclosure in international arbitration: using US courts to obtain discovery for non-US proceedings
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Arbitration & ADR
  • USA
  • 23 May 2019

Unbeknown to many, Section 1782 of Title 28 of the US Code permits parties to obtain discovery in the United States in aid of non-US legal proceedings, including – in some instances – international arbitrations. Such discovery can include documents and sworn testimony (eg, depositions). In conducting an arbitration seated outside the United States (or other non-US legal proceedings), it is useful to understand the mechanics, requirements and key issues of Section 1782 discovery.

Assistant attorney general suggests expanding scope of antitrust enforcement
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 23 May 2019

The assistant attorney general recently suggested that antitrust enforcers should update their analytical framework to account for modern corporate structures, signalling the potential for antitrust violations when officers and directors serve multiple competing companies. The assistant attorney general's speech is a reminder that behaviour that is not explicitly prohibited by the letter of the antitrust statutes may still raise eyebrows.

FBI and ACCC commit to sharing antitrust enforcement expertise
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 02 May 2019

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) recently signed a new memorandum of cooperation to strengthen their ability to combat cartels and other anti-competitive conduct. According to the section chief of the FBI's Criminal Investigative Division, the memorandum codifies the FBI's relationship with the ACCC and provides an opportunity for increased information and resource sharing.

Strategies to avoid lengthy pre-merger reviews
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 11 April 2019

Second requests can be expensive, time consuming and distracting to clients' employees. One way to ease the burden of a second request is to avoid it altogether. While second requests are inevitable for some transactions, certain strategies can help to lessen the likelihood of one being issued.

FTC eyes settlement agreements that restrict rivals' online search terms
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • USA
  • 13 December 2018

Litigants often enter into settlement agreements without giving much thought to whether those agreements could form the basis for an antitrust claim – and for good reason because most settlement agreements simply resolve a dispute through money payments. However, agreements that restrict rivals' abilities to engage in advertising or other competitive activities could fall foul of the antitrust laws.

California loosens restrictions on counsel in international arbitrations
Norton Rose Fulbright
  • Arbitration & ADR
  • USA
  • 23 August 2018

California Governor Jerry Brown recently signed into law Senate Bill (SB) 766, Representation by Foreign and Out-of-State Attorneys. The bill, which was passed 69-to-zero by the legislature, clarifies that foreign (ie, not licensed in the United States) and out-of-state (ie, licensed in a US jurisdiction, but not in California) attorneys can represent parties in international arbitrations in California, subject to certain conditions. SB 766 will take effect on 1 January 2019.

Norton Rose Fulbright
Norton Rose Fulbright