International Trade updates

British Virgin Islands

Iran sanctions to be repealed in line with EU/UK position
  • British Virgin Islands
  • September 23 2016

Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the European Union and the United Kingdom agreed to terminate or relax nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions, including related designations. Once the BVI 2011 direction is repealed, the British Virgin Islands' position will be further aligned with that of the United Kingdom and be in keeping with the relaxation of the Iran restrictions.


European Union

Contributed by Herbert Smith Freehills LLP
EU reaction to US national security measures
  • European Union
  • March 30 2018

The European Union has rejected the US claim that the recently issued Section 232 national security investigation reports on steel and aluminium measures are necessary or even intended to address a national security concern. The European Union has announced three actions in response to the measures, including a World Trade Organisation dispute settlement action.

Modification of trade defence rules regarding non-market economy costs and prices
  • European Union
  • February 23 2018

The European Union recently issued Regulation 2321/2017, amending the basic EU Anti-dumping Regulation (1036/2016). Among other things, Regulation 2321/2017 sets out new rules for the calculation of normal value in the case of significant distortions that affect cost and price and removes rules which previously allowed for normal value to be determined via an analogue country methodology for non-market economy World Trade Organisation members.

Recent developments in EU trade and investment policy
  • European Union
  • October 20 2017

The European Court of Justice recently handed down its opinion regarding the European Union's competence to conclude its proposed free trade agreement (FTA) with Singapore. FTA proposals incorporating provisions on the protection of non-direct foreign investments or investor-state dispute settlement mechanisms should be treated as mixed agreements, requiring ratification from not only the European Union, but also each member state.

EU-Japan 'agreement in principle' for economic and partnership agreement
  • European Union
  • August 25 2017

The European Union and Japan recently announced having reached an 'agreement in principle' on a future economic and partnership agreement. The final agreement is expected to boost EU-Japan trade by cutting red tape and scrapping duties. EU businesses importing from and exporting to Japan should prepare for the agreement's entry into force. This requires assessing the exact effect of the agreement on their operations and identifying potential opportunities and challenges.


International

World Trade Organisation at a glance
  • International
  • December 16 2016

At the heart of the international trading system lies the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The WTO's primary objective is to assist in allowing "trade to flow as freely as possible", in order to promote economic development. In doing so, the WTO has several functions, including administering WTO agreements and serving as a forum for trade negotiations, whether multilateral or plurilateral.


Russia

Facilitation of rules regarding industrial assembly agreements
  • Russia
  • January 13 2017

The industrial assembly rules, which provide for a customs rate of 0% for certain car components, were recently amended by a joint order of the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Finance. In particular, the amendments reduced the required percentages of local production and extended the terms for achieving particular percentages of local production.

Putin announces special economic zone reform
  • Russia
  • July 22 2016

Special economic zones were originally developed in Russia to attract foreign investment and establish new business areas. However, they have since proved ineffective and in June 2016 President Vladimir Putin announced the planned reform of the zones. Putin also declared that 10 of the zones will be closed immediately, and that responsibility for the remaining zones will be transferred to the applicable region.


USA

Contributed by Arent Fox LLP
Sanctions snapback: Trump announces withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal
  • USA
  • May 18 2018

Before former President Obama left office in late 2016, the Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) published a list of FAQs to address the possibility of revoking the relaxed sanctions on Iran. Following President Trump's recent announcement that the United States is withdrawing from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, OFAC has published new FAQs explaining how the re-imposition of sanctions will go into effect.

GSP refunds: duty savings opportunities for importers
  • USA
  • May 11 2018

US Customs and Border Protection recently published guidance for claiming refunds on duty preference claims made under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) between the programme's expiration and the implementation date of its reauthorisation. The GSP programme promotes economic growth in developing countries by providing duty-free treatment of certain products imported from designated beneficiary countries.

Government ramps up enforcement of North Korean forced labour provisions
  • USA
  • April 27 2018

Importers associated with industries where North Korean forced labour is known to be used must exert caution or be prepared to face the consequences. Failure to ensure that a company's supply chain is free from products resulting from North Korean forced labour will result in seizure and forfeiture of the prohibited merchandise, civil fines and possibly criminal prosecution.

First year of economic sanctions under Trump administration
  • USA
  • April 20 2018

In its first year, the Trump administration has tackled sanctions issues involving Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Russia, Sudan and Venezuela, as well as individuals involved in human rights abuses and corruption. In some cases, the result has been forced by Congress; in others, the president has 'made good' on campaign promises. Most have involved the heightened rhetoric and threats characteristic of Trump's presidency, but the rhetoric has often outpaced the actual action.

USTR publishes list of products subject to Section 301 tariffs
  • USA
  • April 06 2018

Following President Trump's recent memorandum, the Office of the United States Trade Representative has published a proposed list of Chinese products that could be subject to 25% ad valorem tariff pursuant to Section 301 of the Trade Act 1974. As expected, the list of affected tariff numbers is heavily geared towards the technology sector, including the aerospace, information and communication technology, robotics and machinery industries.