The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) Contracts Committee recently unveiled the much-anticipated new suite of rainbow contracts, with the publication of amended Red, Yellow and Silver Books. The changes reflect only some of the key amendments introduced by the revised 2017 FIDIC contracts. Nevertheless, the changes are significant and it will undoubtedly take time for contracting parties to become familiar with the revised contracts.
A new draft international standard providing information management guidance when using building information modelling has been issued for public comment. The standard is split into two parts. The first part deals with concepts and principles and applies to the whole lifecycle of a built asset, while the second deals with the delivery phase of assets and enables the client or appointing organisation to establish its requirements for information during the delivery phase of assets.
The Supreme Court recently found the well-established regime of registered employment agreements to be unconstitutional. Uncertainty regarding the level of protection for wages and benefits of workers in the construction sector followed this decision, but has now been addressed by the Sectoral Employment Order (Construction Sector) 2017 and the Sectoral Employment Order (Mechanical Engineering Building Services Contracting Sector) 2018.
Construction contracting has seen significant change in both the private and public sectors, including the introduction of the long-awaited reform of the Public Works Contracts and a definitive date for the operation of the Construction Contracts Act 2013. The act applies to a wide range of construction contracts, including main contracts, subcontracts and professional team appointments entered into after July 25 2016.
Limitation of liability is a hotly negotiated issue in most commercial construction contracts. Parties often rely on the standard form clauses as being tried and tested and drafted with the benefit of industry knowledge. Such reliance can prove hazardous, as it may not adequately deal with the commercial risks of a particular project. Exclusion clauses that significantly limit parties' liability by way of financial caps are generally useful.
Support for building information modelling (BIM) is gathering pace. BIM is regarded as a powerful risk and cost management tool, encouraging better collaboration and improved project delivery. Contractors are already utilising BIM to help them to gain competitive advantage in the marketplace. Critics believe that specific BIM clauses and terms should be incorporated into the contract to help avoid potential disputes.
It has been a busy time for the construction industry as the economy picks up and growth in activity levels across a range of sectors brings new opportunities. This new wave of development is taking place alongside regulations and changes to industry practice. New regulation in the sector is welcome, but the breadth of the changes means that all players must keep up to speed with them.
Malaysia witnessed considerable developments in statutory adjudication case law in 2017, probably due to the increasing use of this form of dispute resolution mechanism by stakeholders in the construction industry. This update examines some of the significant decisions that were handed down by the Malaysian courts in 2017 and their impact on statutory adjudication under the Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act.
The Court of Appeal recently considered whether a pay-when-paid clause in a construction contract is void under the Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act. It found that pay-when-paid clauses under a construction contract drawn up before the enactment of the Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act will remain valid and not be affected by the introduction of Section 35, which prohibits any conditional payment clauses in construction contracts.
The Federal Court recently dealt with three broad issues under the Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act – namely, jurisdictional challenge, the exclusion of defences and the setting aside and staying of decisions. The decision has broad repercussions for the way that adjudications are conducted in Malaysia.
The Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012 came into effect on April 15 2014. Since then, the Malaysian courts have had the opportunity to consider various aspects of the act on numerous occasions. Some significant decisions have been handed down by the courts in the past two-and-a-half years and although statutory adjudication in Malaysia is still in its infancy, it is evident that a body of local decisions is steadily being built up to assist in the interpretation of the act.
Clauses that require a contractor to obtain the employer's pre-approval of the cost of any additional works are increasingly common in lump-sum construction contracts. According to a recent Federal Supreme Court decision, these pre-approval clauses will be applied strictly, subject to certain exceptions. In its decision, the court enforced such a clause to deny a contractor's claim to recover the cost of additional works performed by a subcontractor.
A recent decision by the Swiss Federal Supreme Court ruled that a contractor's duty of loyalty continues even after termination by the employer. When the contractor stops its works for any reason, it has the duty to take all necessary measures to prevent any harm to the employer and must provide to the employer all relevant information about the works.
The Supreme Court has for the first time interpreted the provisions on the pricing of change orders in the most widely used Swiss standard form contract, the SIA Norm 118. But the decision also has wider ramifications for Swiss law construction contracts. It makes clear that it should be assumed that parties to a lump-sum contract intended to contractually regulate the effect on the contract price of a unilateral change order, even if the terms of the contract are ambiguous.
Construction lawyers are frequently called on to draft or interpret extension of time clauses. But the questions of what should be in these clauses, and why they are typically included in construction contracts in the first place, receive little attention. When drafting an extension of time clause, parties will want to carefully consider whether and how to address a number of specific issues.
Swiss courts and arbitrators have addressed the interface between force majeure clauses and regulatory changes, and how they impact on the contractor's entitlements. Clauses addressing unforeseen circumstances will be construed in line with the parties' actual intentions. If they cannot be established from the text and surrounding circumstances and evidence, the tribunal will construe the clause objectively, regarding how it can be understood in good faith.
If a trade contractor submits a bid that a general contractor relies on to win a contract, questions may arise as to whether that bid is a contract and whether it is binding. Even if the bid does not meet the elements of a contract, it can still be binding. The courts apply the doctrine of promissory estoppel to hold parties to their bids in the absence of a contract. Differences in jurisdiction and in the facts of each case may affect the outcome, but when a bid is submitted it should be assumed to be binding.
Underground utilities and pipelines pose potential problems for excavators and other contractors performing work below ground. Whether a business involves the construction of buildings primarily above ground or running pipes or cables below, there are issues to consider where a construction involves excavations. Ultimately, excavators must use care to avoid damaging marked lines and take all reasonable steps to protect underground facilities, pipelines and on-site people from harm.
The 13th Court of Appeals in Edinburg, Texas recently issued an opinion that could eliminate the statutory employer protection for general contractors in certain circumstances if allowed to stand. The court held that in order to avail itself of the statutory employer defence, a general contractor must do something more than pass the onus of obtaining workers compensation coverage to its subcontractor. General contractors may need to rethink how they provide for workers' compensation coverage in future.
Pennsylvania's intermediate appellate court has affirmed a defence verdict for the design and construction manager of a major league baseball stadium. The court issued its ruling following extensive discovery and motions practice, a six-week bench trial in 2010 and two defence verdicts. The case has a number of key takeaways for complex, multi-party cases.
Proving waiver of a party's contractual right to arbitrate has often been a laborious obligation of the party bearing such burden. In the case between Legoland and Superior Builders, the court of appeals concluded that Legoland's actions in Superior's suit did not substantially invoke the judicial process; therefore, Superior failed to carry its heavy burden to show that Legoland had waived its contractual right to arbitrate. Accordingly, the court compelled the parties' dispute to arbitration pursuant to their arbitration agreement.