The Eastern Finland Appeal Court recently assessed whether a statutory maritime lien over cargo also covers the costs associated with a general average that accrued as a result of confirming that general average and exercising the lien for a general average contribution. In deciding that these kinds of associated costs and expenses are not recoverable and secured by a maritime lien, the court made the exercise of a lien more difficult and less attractive to shipowners.
The main aims of the Transport Code are to create a growth environment for digitalisation and promote transport business by deregulation. Due to the code's broad scope, its preparation has been divided into three stages. Provisions relating to the code's third stage were recently opened for comment by the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The majority of comments received before the June deadline highlighted data protection issues.
The Transport Code (formally the Act on Transport Services) is one of the government's key initiatives. The code's main purpose is to create a growth environment for business digitalisation and promote transport business by deregulation. The code will reform the regulation of all transport modes, so that the regulation itself will not become an obstacle to digitalisation, automation and new innovations.
Fairway dues have been a much-discussed issue in Finland for years. The controversy began in 2000 when the Finnish authorities began suspecting that ships which regularly entered and departed Finnish waters did not fully comply with the technical requirements for vessels of the relevant ice class. The authorities subsequently began collecting fairway dues retroactively. This led shipping companies and their agents to file hundreds of appeals in the administrative courts.