Brazil updates

Arbitration & ADR

Contributed by Carvalho, Machado e Timm Advogados
CAM-CCBC award set aside due to alleged irregularities in arbitrators' appointments
  • Brazil
  • 31 January 2019

The Superior Court of Justice recently upheld a Sao Paulo State Appellate Court decision which had set aside an arbitral award due to alleged irregularities during the formation of the arbitral tribunal in the context of a multi-party dispute. The Superior Court of Justice's decision confirms the appellate court's opinion that the proceeding which had been adopted to form the arbitral tribunal contravened public policy.

Superior Court of Justice recognises competence of arbitral tribunal in biggest recovery case
  • Brazil
  • 13 December 2018

The Superior Court of Justice recently confirmed the jurisdiction of an arbitral tribunal constituted before the Market Arbitration Chamber to render a decision connected to a company that had filed a lawsuit for a recovery plan before the competent court of law. In addition to taking a pro-arbitral stance on an important national case, this decision reinforces the jurisdictional nature of arbitration and solidifies the case law on conflicts of competence.

Superior Court of Justice rules on arbitration and piercing of corporate veil
  • Brazil
  • 25 October 2018

A recent Superior Court of Justice decision has broadened the interpretation of consent to an arbitration agreement to include economic groups, which could – by implication – pierce the corporate veil in such cases and extend arbitral jurisdiction to non-signatory parties. The decision sets a precedent for this issue and will serve as a parameter for future decisions by both the lower courts and the Superior Court of Justice.

Sao Paulo State Appellate Court decides on interpretation of Article 4(2) of Arbitration Act
  • Brazil
  • 27 September 2018

The Sao Paulo State Appellate Court recently rendered an important precedent on the interpretation of Article 4(2) of the Arbitration Act. The appellate court ultimately dismissed the franchisee's appeal, despite arguments that, among other things, the franchise agreement entered into by the parties was a contract by adhesion, pursuant to Article 54 of the Consumer Protection Code. As such, the arbitration clause was invalid because it did not follow the requirements contained in Article 4(2) of the Arbitration Act.

Superior Court of Justice rules on consequences of successful challenges to arbitral awards
  • Brazil
  • 13 September 2018

The Superior Court of Justice recently decided on the consequences of a successful application to set aside an arbitral award. The court's decision resulted from a declaration by the state courts that the nullity of arbitral awards is provided for in Article 33 of the Arbitration Act. Notably, this case was considered under the original version of the Arbitration Act (ie, before its 2015 amendment) due to the date on which the lawsuit had been filed.


Aviation

Contributed by Basch & Rameh
Recent developments in aircraft repossession
  • Brazil
  • 16 January 2019

In respect of four aircraft that were recently repossessed before Avianca Brazil obtained bankruptcy protection, the Brazilian judiciary and civil aviation agency procedures worked reasonably well and Brazil's overall performance complied with its obligations under the Cape Town Convention. While all four aircraft were exported and de-registered within approximately two weeks, Brazilian customs authorities must still reassess the current export authorisation procedure.

Changes to registration requirements: why aircraft financiers should be on alert
  • Brazil
  • 20 June 2018

A tax regulation that was promulgated in 2016 has taken effect in ways that are now affecting aircraft lessors and lenders to Brazilian carriers, including by imposing requirements concerning the identification of lessor entities' ultimate beneficial owners and increasing the document disclosure requirements on lessors and lenders in cross-border aircraft finance transactions. While the full impact of the new rules is still unclear, lessors and lenders to Brazilian operators should prepare to comply.

Aircraft interchange agreements
  • Brazil
  • 03 January 2018

Interchange agreements are relatively new and have been increasingly used by commercial aircraft operators in Brazil. In response to industry requests, the Brazilian Civil Aviation Agency and the Brazilian Aeronautical Registry recently clarified several applicable rules. Due to their novelty, interchange agreements are not always understood in the industry. While such agreements share some similarities with interline and code-share agreements, they have important distinctions.

Modernising the Aeronautical Registry: electronic filing now available
  • Brazil
  • 09 August 2017

For the past few months, the Brazilian Aeronautical Registry has experimented with a new electronic filing system that allows parties to file documents electronically 24 hours a day, seven days a week. This system is now operative for documents relating to commercial aircraft. Documents relating to private aircraft, business aircraft and helicopters are still being filed physically. The new electronic system is expected to become available to them during the second half of 2017.

Brazil designates Ireland as tax haven: impact on aircraft finance
  • Brazil
  • 22 February 2017

In September 2016 the Brazilian Revenue Service unexpectedly promulgated a change in its treatment of Ireland, which had the potential to wreak havoc on the aircraft leasing sector for the entire country. After four weeks of considerable uncertainty, the changes – as they apply to commercial aircraft leases – were suspended. While the clarifications temporarily resolve the initial concerns regarding commercial aircraft leases, they provide no relief for other important sectors, such as the air taxi sector.


Banking

Contributed by BMA Barbosa Mussnich Aragao
New rules for credit fintech companies
  • Brazil
  • 27 July 2018

The National Monetary Council recently issued Resolution 4,656, regulating credit fintech companies. The resolution will allow direct credit companies and interpersonal loan companies to conduct loan and financial operations through electronic platforms. Although it is still uncertain how the market will react to the new rules, the industry is optimistic, considering the significant developments in this area that have been observed in other markets.

CADE and Central Bank sign memorandum for further cooperation
  • Brazil
  • 13 April 2018

The Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) and the Central Bank recently entered into a memorandum of understanding. This initiative strengthens the relationship between the two authorities and promotes greater cooperation among them for the analysis of merger cases and anti-competitive practices by financial institutions. It also represents an important step forward, signalling the end to the longstanding dispute between CADE and the Central Bank over jurisdictional conflicts.


Company & Commercial

Stock options: local law and international accounting rules
  • Brazil
  • 25 February 2019

It is hardly surprising that Brazil's adoption of the International Financial Reporting Standards did not mesh perfectly with the Corporations Law. This article discusses the reasons for this incongruity, including that the international accounting model draws more inspiration from common law systems than from Brazil's civil law tradition and the temporal distance between the Corporations Law (although it remains modern in spirit) and the accounting rules, which are constantly evolving.


Competition & Antitrust

Contributed by BMA Barbosa Mussnich Aragao
Just desserts: CADE fines company for exclusivity practices in ice cream market
  • Brazil
  • 07 March 2019

The Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) tribunal recently fined Unilever R29.4 million for abusing its dominant position in the impulse ice cream (ie, ice cream for immediate consumption) market. According to CADE, Unilever had violated competition law by adopting different types of agreement with its points of sale, which had resulted in their de facto exclusivity to sell Unilever ice creams under the brand Kibon.

CADE requires ex post review of transactions that do not meet minimum turnover thresholds
  • Brazil
  • 20 December 2018

The Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) recently requested, for the second time, the compulsory notification of a transaction that did not meet the legal turnover thresholds. This right allows the authority to review the business strategies of successive small acquisitions or acquisitions of nascent rivals in the event that they do not trigger the turnover thresholds. The risk that the CADE may require notification seems to increase following complaints by competitors or third parties.

Reshuffled CADE adopts new approach for IP cases
  • Brazil
  • 29 November 2018

In recent years, Brazil's antitrust authority – the Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) – has undergone a reshuffling in terms of the composition of both the Administrative Tribunal (comprising commissioners) and the General Superintendence. Among the issues that have come before the reshuffled CADE, two investigations are particularly notable because they reveal a new trend in its approach to IP rights.

Abuse of dominance enforcement – what's next?
  • Brazil
  • 14 June 2018

Since the start of 2018, following a period in which it focused on the persecution of cartels, the Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) has directed more resources towards concluding pending abuse of dominance matters and occasionally launching new dominance cases. In so doing, the most pertinent question has become: how will CADE deal with dominance in future?

CADE and Central Bank sign memorandum for further cooperation
  • Brazil
  • 12 April 2018

The Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) and the Central Bank recently entered into a memorandum of understanding. This initiative strengthens the relationship between the two authorities and promotes greater cooperation among them for the analysis of merger cases and anti-competitive practices by financial institutions. It also represents an important step forward, signalling the end to the longstanding dispute between CADE and the Central Bank over jurisdictional conflicts.