Latest updates

Amending the Broader Public Sector Executive Compensation Act
Fasken
  • Employment & Benefits
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

In 2018 the Ontario government issued a new compensation framework regulation that continued to freeze the current levels of compensation for executives at most designated employers within the broader public sector. While the freeze remains in effect, proposed amendments indicate that the government will be introducing a new regulation – and new compensation frameworks – that will provide further guidance on executive compensation going forward.

Ship arrests: revisiting 'genuine and reasonable' need for security
Bowmans
  • Shipping & Transport
  • South Africa
  • 26 June 2019

The Supreme Court of Appeal recently took a hard line regarding an arresting party and delivered a salutary message to pay close attention to establishing a plausible link between the factors justifying a 'genuine and reasonable' need for security and the particular facts and circumstances of the party against which an arrest order is sought. The judgment is a cautionary tale for arresting parties that seek to rely on generalised allegations.

Update on PMPRB guidelines modernisation
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) previously announced that the steering committee on guidelines modernisation would hold its final meeting on 13 May 2019 to discuss both a draft report of its deliberations and the working group's final report. Once the steering committee's report has been finalised and the regulatory amendments have been published in Part II of the Canada Gazette, the PMPRB will release its draft guidelines for public consultation.

Infringement based on making and selling under existing NOC struck from action
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

The Federal Court has granted in part Pharmascience's motion to strike out portions of Teva's statement of claim under Subsection 6(1) of the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) (PMNOC) Regulations relating to glatiramer acetate (Teva's Copaxone and Pharmascience's Glatect). The court found that it is plain and obvious that Section 6.02 of the PMNOC Regulations prohibits the joinder of a regular infringement action under the Patent Act with an action pursuant to Subsection 6(1).

Passenger rights
Mazlan & Murad Law Associates
  • Aviation
  • Maldives
  • 26 June 2019

Since Maldivian law contains no compulsory terms and conditions for domestic air carriage, air carriers are free to determine the conditions of carriage. As long as such terms do not violate any other Maldivian laws, they are valid and binding between passengers and consignees. Therefore, it is essential for passengers and consignees to understand the conditions of carriage and their rights in case of an accident, damage or loss of passengers or cargo.

Industrial tribunals against the Macron scale: rebels with a cause?
Coblence & Associés
  • Employment & Benefits
  • France
  • 26 June 2019

The so-called 'Macron ordinances' overhauled the Labour Code in September 2017. One of the main effects was the introduction of a schedule of damages in French labour law, whereby a judge can award damages for unfair dismissal only within certain limitations depending on the employee's seniority. While some lower courts have applied the new law, an increasing number of courts are challenging it on the basis that it would be contrary to international law.

California's employment regulatory scheme: PAGA in wake of Epic Systems
Dentons US LLP
  • Employment & Benefits
  • USA
  • 26 June 2019

As employers doing business in California know, California's employment regulatory scheme is the most comprehensive of any US state. In particular, the California Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) allows employees to sue employers for civil penalties on behalf of themselves and other employees. Most significantly, PAGA provides for the reimbursement of attorneys' fees to employees who successfully bring suit. However, Epic Systems may mean a change in favour of standalone PAGA cases.

Software – the unregulated medical device
Sanchez DeVanny Eseverri SC
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Mexico
  • 26 June 2019

It is a basic constitutional principle that no activity or product can be restricted or limited unless a legal provision establishes such restriction or limitation. This principle has resulted in a number of legal gaps regarding products and activities of a technical nature, as Mexican law is rarely as dynamic as technology and innovation. One of the most visible technological advances has been in the software and app arena, particularly with regard to healthcare. This has led to a challenging situation for the health authorities.

New rules on handling of employee data
Schoenherr
  • Employment & Benefits
  • Hungary
  • 26 June 2019

Parliament recently adopted a new law amending several sectorial laws concerning the processing of personal data. The new law aims to provide clarity in these areas and has amended the general rules of the Labour Code. It has also introduced a new chapter which sets out general rules on the handling of employee data. Although the amendments of the existing rules on the processing of employee data have been eagerly awaited, many practitioners have expressed their disappointment.

Job interview 4.0 – legal considerations for automated face and speech recognition
Rihm Rechtsanwälte
  • Employment & Benefits
  • International
  • 26 June 2019

Many companies advertise and sell sophisticated video interview software to large companies for recruitment purposes. While applicants are interviewed from the comfort of their own homes, up to 20,000 data points can be collected from this type of interview and analysed instantaneously using algorithms to find the right employee. However, many legal issues have arisen following the introduction of this software.

What expenditure falls within 'ordinary and proper course of business' exception in freezing orders?
RPC
  • Litigation
  • United Kingdom
  • 25 June 2019

The costs of pursuing related arbitration proceedings and fighting extradition proceedings could be costs incurred in the 'ordinary and proper course of business' according to a recent Court of Appeal decision. In terms of arbitration expenditure, the decision illustrates that where the proposed expenditure or transaction is complex, the court may not be in a position to make the factual findings necessary for it to authorise the expenditure in advance.

Coverage 'thrilla' in Manila – court finds underinsured endorsement provides worldwide coverage
Theall Group LLP
  • Insurance
  • Canada
  • 25 June 2019

A recent Alberta Court of Queen's Bench decision demonstrates that policyholders must carefully consider the interplay between an insurance policy and its endorsements. One consideration is the distinction between endorsements that provide standalone coverage and those intended only to modify an existing policy's terms. However, most important is the overarching principle that any limitations of coverage should be clearly stated.

Throwing an egg at someone: Ontario Superior Court addresses hatching of new legal test
Dentons
  • Litigation
  • Canada
  • 25 June 2019

Imprecision in identifying the risks of driving influences how insurers assess the value of automobile insurance. A recent Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision reminds insurers and insured persons how difficult it can be to properly assess and categorise risk at the outset of an insurance relationship; however, it offers little guidance on how the modified causation test should be applied in future cases involving projectiles from motor vehicles.

Unauthorised filing of trademarks by agent or representative
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 25 June 2019

The District Court of Gelderland recently rendered a judgment on the subject of unauthorised agent or representative filings. It deemed that a third party was so closely involved in the distribution agreement between two other parties that it could be ordered to transfer the trademarks that it had registered unauthorised, despite the third party arguing that it could not be regarded as an agent, representative or distributor of the two other parties.

TOP-SIDER case: improper use and cancellation of trademark registration
Nishimura & Asahi
  • Intellectual Property
  • Japan
  • 24 June 2019

A recent IP High Court case concerned the cancellation of a trademark registration due to a non-exclusive licensee's improper use of the registered mark. Cases regarding cancellation based on Article 53 of the Trademark Act are rare, and cases in which requests to cancel a trademark registration on this basis are granted are even more so. As such, this case is an interesting example of how the IP High Court determines improper use of a registered trademark.

Federal Court dismisses Servier's application for order of prohibition regarding salt patent
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Intellectual Property
  • Canada
  • 24 June 2019

The Federal Court recently dismissed Servier's application for a prohibition order under the pre-amended Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) Regulations for Canadian Patent 2,423,825 regarding a perindopril arginine/amlodipine product (Servier's Viacoram). Apotex had alleged that the patent was invalid for obviousness, overbreadth, inutility and insufficiency.

Senate ratifies USMCA: overview of IP chapter
Becerril, Coca & Becerril SC
  • Intellectual Property
  • Mexico
  • 24 June 2019

Mexico recently became the first country to ratify the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), Chapter 20 of which is one of the most comprehensive IP chapters in any trade agreement. Although the 2018 amendments to Mexico's IP laws provided for most of the specific rights required under the USMCA, the country still has a lot to do to provide for the obligations regarding geographical indications, data exclusivity, trade secrets and enforcement.

Unauthorised filing of trademarks by agent or representative
AKD NV
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • 24 June 2019

The District Court of Gelderland recently rendered a judgment on the subject of unauthorised agent or representative filings. It deemed that a third party was so closely involved in the distribution agreement between two other parties that it could be ordered to transfer the trademarks that it had registered unauthorised, despite the third party arguing that it could not be regarded as an agent, representative or distributor of the two other parties.

Important changes to Copyright Act
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • 24 June 2019

In March 2019 the Copyright Act was amended to bring Spanish copyright law into line with that of the European Union. In addition, the reform has reinforced the rights of authors and publishers, introduced new regulations on the functioning of collecting societies in order to increase the transparency and control of their operations in favour of authors and strengthened the regulations on combating piracy.

Canada introduces Bill C-100: step towards ratification of NAFTA 2.0
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Intellectual Property
  • Canada
  • 24 June 2019

In a step towards ratifying the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the government recently introduced Bill C-100, entitled "An Act to implement the Agreement between Canada, the United States of America and the United Mexican States", in Parliament. If ratified, the USMCA will replace the North American Free Trade Agreement and will require several changes to Canada's IP laws.

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