Latest updates

Post-quantum cryptographic algorithms and air launch platforms: BIS adds five new technologies to CCL
Arent Fox LLP
  • International Trade
  • USA
  • 28 June 2019

The Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has issued a final rule which added five recently developed or developing technologies to the Export Administration Regulations' Commerce Control List that are essential to US national security. In particular, BIS amended four export control classification numbers and added a new one. These changes came into force on 23 May 2019 and have an immediate impact on parties exporting the newly controlled goods.

Budget 2019: a box of possibilities
BDO LLP
  • Corporate Tax
  • India
  • 28 June 2019

With a clear mandate from Indian citizens, the newly elected government is expected to bring a fresh perspective to tax matters when it issues its budget on 5 July 2019. The tax rates are unlikely to change substantially and the amendments made in the interim budget will remain intact. However, to increase India's competitiveness from an investment perspective, the government may reduce the peak tax rate for all businesses and entities.

Jersey planning appeals: your questions answered
Ogier
  • Private Client & Offshore Services
  • Jersey
  • 27 June 2019

Anyone that has been refused planning or building permission or disagrees with a condition that has been attached to a planning or building permission or anyone that owns or occupies a building or land where a building, place or tree has been listed can appeal against a planning decision. However, Jersey planning appeals raise numerous questions regarding costs and the appeal process.

Inheritance in the 21st century
Forsters LLP
  • Private Client & Offshore Services
  • United Kingdom
  • 27 June 2019

When planning for the transfer of wealth to the next generation, families and their advisers must consider the context in which it will take place. On current trends, planning for changes of domicile and to counter both electronic security risks and bouts of mental illness are likely only to increase in future importance.

Update on economic substance rules for Guernsey fund managers
Ogier
  • Private Client & Offshore Services
  • Guernsey
  • 27 June 2019

The Income Tax (Substance Requirements) (Implementation) Regulations 2018, as amended, came into effect on 1 January 2019 and apply to accounting periods commencing on or after that date. The new economic substance requirements apply to certain Guernsey tax-resident companies and have been passed in order to comply with the EU Code of Conduct Group on Business Taxation. This article summarises the current position relating to the substance requirements for fund management companies.

Privy Council clarifies Bermuda's '60/40 rule'
Carey Olsen Bermuda
  • Private Client & Offshore Services
  • Bermuda
  • 27 June 2019

In a judgment which is likely to have wide-ranging implications for local companies subject to the '60/40 rule', the Privy Council recently held that local companies may confer on non-Bermudians "de facto control by commercial arrangements", provided that non-Bermudians have no control over the manner in which directors and shareholders vote.

Recent developments and tax considerations for private clients
Allgemeines Treuunternehmen (ATU)
  • Private Client & Offshore Services
  • Liechtenstein
  • 27 June 2019

This article addresses notable recent developments regarding the provision of private client services in Liechtenstein, including regulatory changes and case law. Of note is the abolition of the distinction between offshore and onshore companies by the introduction of a uniform corporate income tax rate of 12.5%, which, among other things, made Liechtenstein companies more attractive internationally.

Supreme Court delivers second landmark cartel judgment
Vaish Associates Advocates
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • India
  • 27 June 2019

In October 2018 the Supreme Court issued a landmark judgment in which it upheld the appeals of 44 liquefied petroleum gas cylinder manufacturers and dismissed the earlier finding of bid rigging. In its decision, the court emphasised the need to evaluate the market structure and conditions before determining whether a cartel exists. This judgment signifies a new direction in case law and is likely to change the manner in which India's antitrust regulator evaluates evidence of cartels in future.

COFECE rejects Walmart's acquisition of Cornershop
SAI Law & Economics
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Mexico
  • 27 June 2019

The Federal Economic Competition Commission (COFECE) recently issued a press release announcing that it had rejected Walmart's proposal to acquire Cornershop in light of the potential risks that it posed to competition and free market access. This case is significant as it is the first merger review case in which the COFECE has analysed vertical concentrations involving digital platforms.

Amending the Broader Public Sector Executive Compensation Act
Fasken
  • Employment & Benefits
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

In 2018 the Ontario government issued a new compensation framework regulation that continued to freeze the current levels of compensation for executives at most designated employers within the broader public sector. While the freeze remains in effect, proposed amendments indicate that the government will be introducing a new regulation – and new compensation frameworks – that will provide further guidance on executive compensation going forward.

Ship arrests: revisiting 'genuine and reasonable' need for security
Bowmans
  • Shipping & Transport
  • South Africa
  • 26 June 2019

The Supreme Court of Appeal recently took a hard line regarding an arresting party and delivered a salutary message to pay close attention to establishing a plausible link between the factors justifying a 'genuine and reasonable' need for security and the particular facts and circumstances of the party against which an arrest order is sought. The judgment is a cautionary tale for arresting parties that seek to rely on generalised allegations.

Infringement based on making and selling under existing NOC struck from action
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

The Federal Court has granted in part Pharmascience's motion to strike out portions of Teva's statement of claim under Subsection 6(1) of the Patented Medicines (Notice of Compliance) (PMNOC) Regulations relating to glatiramer acetate (Teva's Copaxone and Pharmascience's Glatect). The court found that it is plain and obvious that Section 6.02 of the PMNOC Regulations prohibits the joinder of a regular infringement action under the Patent Act with an action pursuant to Subsection 6(1).

Job interview 4.0 – legal considerations for automated face and speech recognition
Rihm Rechtsanwälte
  • Employment & Benefits
  • International
  • 26 June 2019

Many companies advertise and sell sophisticated video interview software to large companies for recruitment purposes. While applicants are interviewed from the comfort of their own homes, up to 20,000 data points can be collected from this type of interview and analysed instantaneously using algorithms to find the right employee. However, many legal issues have arisen following the introduction of this software.

Passenger rights
Mazlan & Murad Law Associates
  • Aviation
  • Maldives
  • 26 June 2019

Since Maldivian law contains no compulsory terms and conditions for domestic air carriage, air carriers are free to determine the conditions of carriage. As long as such terms do not violate any other Maldivian laws, they are valid and binding between passengers and consignees. Therefore, it is essential for passengers and consignees to understand the conditions of carriage and their rights in case of an accident, damage or loss of passengers or cargo.

Software – the unregulated medical device
Sanchez DeVanny Eseverri SC
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Mexico
  • 26 June 2019

It is a basic constitutional principle that no activity or product can be restricted or limited unless a legal provision establishes such restriction or limitation. This principle has resulted in a number of legal gaps regarding products and activities of a technical nature, as Mexican law is rarely as dynamic as technology and innovation. One of the most visible technological advances has been in the software and app arena, particularly with regard to healthcare. This has led to a challenging situation for the health authorities.

Update on PMPRB guidelines modernisation
Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Canada
  • 26 June 2019

The Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) previously announced that the steering committee on guidelines modernisation would hold its final meeting on 13 May 2019 to discuss both a draft report of its deliberations and the working group's final report. Once the steering committee's report has been finalised and the regulatory amendments have been published in Part II of the Canada Gazette, the PMPRB will release its draft guidelines for public consultation.

New rules on handling of employee data
Schoenherr
  • Employment & Benefits
  • Hungary
  • 26 June 2019

Parliament recently adopted a new law amending several sectorial laws concerning the processing of personal data. The new law aims to provide clarity in these areas and has amended the general rules of the Labour Code. It has also introduced a new chapter which sets out general rules on the handling of employee data. Although the amendments of the existing rules on the processing of employee data have been eagerly awaited, many practitioners have expressed their disappointment.

Industrial tribunals against the Macron scale: rebels with a cause?
Coblence & Associés
  • Employment & Benefits
  • France
  • 26 June 2019

The so-called 'Macron ordinances' overhauled the Labour Code in September 2017. One of the main effects was the introduction of a schedule of damages in French labour law, whereby a judge can award damages for unfair dismissal only within certain limitations depending on the employee's seniority. While some lower courts have applied the new law, an increasing number of courts are challenging it on the basis that it would be contrary to international law.

California's employment regulatory scheme: PAGA in wake of Epic Systems
Dentons US LLP
  • Employment & Benefits
  • USA
  • 26 June 2019

As employers doing business in California know, California's employment regulatory scheme is the most comprehensive of any US state. In particular, the California Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) allows employees to sue employers for civil penalties on behalf of themselves and other employees. Most significantly, PAGA provides for the reimbursement of attorneys' fees to employees who successfully bring suit. However, Epic Systems may mean a change in favour of standalone PAGA cases.

Coverage 'thrilla' in Manila – court finds underinsured endorsement provides worldwide coverage
Theall Group LLP
  • Insurance
  • Canada
  • 25 June 2019

A recent Alberta Court of Queen's Bench decision demonstrates that policyholders must carefully consider the interplay between an insurance policy and its endorsements. One consideration is the distinction between endorsements that provide standalone coverage and those intended only to modify an existing policy's terms. However, most important is the overarching principle that any limitations of coverage should be clearly stated.

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