A recently issued presidential decree has authorised the Central Bank of Brazil to recognise the government's interest in establishing branches of foreign financial institutions in Brazil and increasing foreign equity participation in Brazilian financial institutions without the need for further presidential authorisation. Prior to the decree's enactment, these matters required the express approval of international treaties or presidential decrees recognising that investments were in the government's interest.
The National Monetary Council recently issued Resolution 4,656, regulating credit fintech companies. The resolution will allow direct credit companies and interpersonal loan companies to conduct loan and financial operations through electronic platforms. Although it is still uncertain how the market will react to the new rules, the industry is optimistic, considering the significant developments in this area that have been observed in other markets.
The president recently approved in full a bill passed by Congress that will substantially change the existing punitive rules for crimes and misconduct carried out within the capital and financial markets. The new law introduces some relevant changes to the rules through which the Central Bank and the Securities Commission may punish offences and to the definitions and scope of application of certain financial crimes and wrongdoings, such as insider trading and market manipulation.